item in the vocabulary is needed". So, for example, some people who have a negative perception of and attitude toward Muslims may also show this toward non-Muslim immigrants, either as a whole or certain groups (such as, for example, Eastern Europeans, sub-Saharan Africans, or Roma whereas others would not. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Islamophobia is controversy term that refers to perjudice and discrimination of Islam about motivation essay and muslim. . A b Bhandar,. Journal of Health Economics.
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"Pamela Geller Stop Islamization of America". "Sinister parallels of hatred". Robin Richardson writes that in the English version of the book the word was not translated as "Islamophobia" but rather as "feelings inimical to Islam". In the UK, Islam is seen as a threat to secularism in response to the calls by some Muslims for blasphemy laws. Islamophobia: A Challenge for Us All (1997). Review of Middle East Studies. Data reported here are from the FBI Hate Crime reports of 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2003, 2002, 2001, 2000, 1999, 1998, 1997, and 1996. Retrieved 21 September 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on Retrieved 23 November 2011 Annan, Kofi. Identity politics It has been suggested that Islamophobia is closely related to identity politics, and gives its adherents the perceived benefit of constructing their identity in opposition to a negative, essentialized image of Muslims.
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