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by directing the flow of glucose and glutamine carbon into defined metabolic pathways. Metabolic circuits IN neural stem cells. December 2017, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and fatal parenchymal lung disease with limited therapeutic options, with fibroblast-to-myofibroblast transdifferentiation and hyperproliferation playing a major role. Prolyl hydroxylation BY egln2 destabilizes foxo3A BY blocking ITS interaction with THE USP9X deubiquitinase. H.gov/pubmed/25858807, development OF resistance TO egfr-targeted therapy IN malignant glioma CAN occur through egfr-dependent AND -independent mechanisms. Foxo3A haematopoietic stem cells: goodbye PI3K, hello sirt1? The review will focus on the recent developments pertaining to the function of FoxO as well as discuss the various contexts in which FoxO exerts distinct biological activity such as drug resistance and autophagy in cancer pathogenesis and therapy. October 2015, forkhead transcription factor family O (FoxO) maintains adult stem cell reserves by supporting their long-term proliferative potential. Choosing Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences. Functional regulation OF foxo1 IN neural stem cell differentiation. H.gov/pubmed/26232637, regulation OF autophagy AND THE ubiquitin-proteasome system BY THE foxo transcriptional network during muscle atrophy. Although FoxO3a was previously shown to be regulated by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in osteoblasts, a possible role for this family of TFs in chondrocytes during endochondral ossification remains largely unstudied.

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Here we report that muscle-specific deletion of FoxO members protects from muscle loss as a result of the role of FoxOs in the induction of autophagy-lysosome and ubiquitin-proteasome systems. ROS scavengers such as n-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) are able to rescue foxo deficient HSCs from some of these abnormalities. As an important effector of this pathway, FoxO is involved in versatile activities that protect organisms from stress and aging.

Numerous studies have demonstrated that diverse metabolic pathways have a critical role in the control of the proliferation, differentiation and quiescence of stem cells. November 2015, more than half of human colorectal cancers (CRCs) carry either kras or braf mutations, and are often refractory to approved targeted therapies. September 2016, dopaminergic (DA) neurons are involved in the integration of neuronal and hormonal signals to regulate food consumption and energy balance. Forkhead boranscription factors IN chondrocytes regulate endochondral bone formation. Recent studies on mammalian FoxO have established a direct role for this transcription factor family in cellular proliferation, oxidative stress response, and tumorigenesis.

April 2015, stresses like low nutrients, systemic inflammation, cancer or infections provoke a catabolic state characterized by enhanced muscle proteolysis and amino acid release to sustain liver gluconeogenesis and tissue protein synthesis. Previously, we reported that FoxO maintains the long-term proliferative capacity of neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs and that this occurs, in part, through the maintenance of redox homeostasis. ZNF365 promotes stalled replication forks recovery TO maintain genome stability.