their Republic of Biafra. In Zaire, he for instance lamented the widespread corruption and poverty, while complaining that Mobutu Sese Seko 's "military regime. "The Nobel Peace Prize for 1984" (Press release). He felt that religious leaders like himself should stay outside of party politics, citing the example of Abel Muzorewa in Zimbabwe, Makarios III in Cyprus, and Ruhollah Khomeini in Iran as examples in which such crossovers proved problematic. He did so illegally, because he had not sought official permission to reside in what the state allocated as a "white area".
The native location housed a diverse community; although most residents were Tswana, it also housed Xhosa, Sotho, and a few Indian traders. Mandela hit back, calling Tutu a "populist" and stating that he should have raised these issues privately rather than publicly. He had a talent for mimicry but, according to Du Boulay, "his humour has none of the cool acerbity that makes for real wit". There, he called on churches to champion the oppressed throughout the continent, stating that "it pains us to have to admit that there is less freedom and personal liberty in most of Africa now then there was during the much-maligned colonial days." At the conference. Tutu's critical view of Marxist-oriented architectural history dissertations communism and the governments of the Eastern Bloc, and the comparisons he drew between these administrations and far-right ideologies like Nazism and apartheid brought criticism from the South African Communist Party in 1984. In doing so he spoke of an underlying unity of Africans and the African diaspora, stating that "All of us are bound to Mother Africa by invisible but tenacious bonds. He was the first black man to hold the post. During his years at the college, there had been an intensification in anti-apartheid activism in South Africa, accompanied by a growing government crackdown on this dissent; in March 1960 several hundred casualties resulted from the Sharpeville massacre.